India-Bangladesh relations over the years

What we have here is the information about India and Bangladesh relations.

The relationship between the two countries have usually been friendly, although some of the disputes remain unresolved. The historic land boundary agreement was signed on 6 June 2015 which settled decades old border disputes.

Bangladesh and India are common members of SAARC, BIMSTEC, IORA, and the Commonwealth

The two countries share many cultural ties.

courtesy: iasexpress.com

In the recent years, Bangladesh has seen rising anti-India sentiments among its citizens due to the Indian Government’s perceived anti-Muslim and anti-Bangladeshi activities like India’s interference in Bangladeshi politics, killing of Bangladeshis by Indian BSF, Citizenship Amendment Act, rise of Hindutva in India as well as India’s reluctance in solving disputes in common rivers with Bangladesh.

In 2021, massive protests in Bangladesh against the state visit by Indian PM Narendra Modi to the country costed lives of at least 14 people.

This year, India and Bangladesh are also celebrating 50 years of the establishment of their ties, since the 1971 India-Pakistan war. Bangladesh Armed Forces has recently participated in the 72nd Republic Day parade.

India was one of the first countries who recognised Bangladesh and established diplomatic relations immediately after it’s independence in 1971.

courtesy: deccan herald.

Here are the few prominent relations mentioned below:

  • Rivers

India and Bangladesh share 54 common rivers. A bilateral Joint Rivers Commission (JRC) has been working since June 1972 to maintain the liaison between the two countries to maximise the benefits from the common river system.

  • Defence

Various joint exercises of Army and Navy take place between the two countries. To be named, Exercise Sampriti and Exercise Milan.

India and Bangladesh share 4096.7 km of the Border, which is the longest land boundary that India shares with any of its neighbours. The Land Boundary Agreement (LBA) came into force following the exchange of instruments of ratification in June 2015.

  • Economic

India’s biggest trade partner in South Asia is Bangladesh. Duty-Free and Quota-Free access is given to Bangladeshi exports to India.

  • Connectivity

Bangladesh and India have jointly inaugurated the newly restored railway link between Haldibari (India) and Chilahati (Bangladesh). They signed a second addendum to the Protocol on Inland Water Transit and Trade (PIWTT).

  • Power Sector

It has become one of the hallmarks of the two countries relations.

  • Partnership on Multilateral Forums

Bangladesh supported India in it’s election to the United Nations Security Council. Both the countries agreed to work together towards achieving early reforms of the UN Security Council combating climate change.

India is thankful to Bangladesh for convening the SAARC leaders Video Conference, in March 2020, for creation of the SAARCG Emergency Response Fund to counter effects of the global pandemic in the South Asian Regions.

  • Pandemic

India assured the availability of COVID-19 vaccines for Bangladesh as and when produced in the country. India also offered collaboration in therapeutics and partnership in vaccine production.

  • Disputes

The pending issues concern the sharing of waters, resolving continental shelf, issues in the Bay of Bengal, bringing down border incidents to zero, and managing the media.

Bangladesh is an active partner of the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) to which Delhi has yet not signed up.

Bangladesh is also a major recipient of the Chinese military inventory, including Submarines.

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