Molecular Diagnostics Market Size Expected to Reach USD 25.27 Bn by 2032

The global molecular diagnostics market size is calculated at USD 15.87 billion in 2024 and is expected to reach around USD 25.27 billion by 2032, growing at a CAGR of 5.3% from 2024 to 2032.

Ottawa, May 29, 2024 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) — The global molecular diagnostics market size surpassed USD 15.42 billion in 2023 and is predicted to hit around USD 23.29 billion by 2031, a study published by Towards Healthcare a sister firm of Precedence Research.

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Report Highlights:

  • Instruments and systems exhibited the largest contribution with a 42% market share in 2023.
  • Infectious disease applications reported a huge market share of 31% in 2023.
  • Point of Care testing is projected to be the fastest growing test location with 6.2% CAGR over the forecast period.
  • North America took the lead with a 43% market share in 2023.

If diagnosed early, around 6 out of every 10 persons with lung cancer can live for 5 years or more. When lung cancer is found in its most advanced state, this number drops to less than 1 in every 10 people.

Molecular diagnostics is analyzing molecules such as DNA, RNA, or proteins in a tissue sample in a laboratory to diagnose a disease or a risk of developing it such as cancer. Molecular diagnostics include various tests such as biomarker tests, liquid biopsies, tumor sensing tests, and genetic tests. It is also called molecular pathology.  Doctors can conduct a molecular test for a common inherited hereditary malignancy. For example, in breast cancer, they can look for specific hereditary abnormalities in the BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes that may raise the patient’s risk of ovarian and breast cancer.

Apart from diagnosis, a variety of tests are critical for evaluating therapy efficacy and detecting medication resistance. For example, in HIV treatment, quantitative molecular assays monitor viral load. A large increase in viral load may suggest resistance to the present treatment. In such circumstances, doctors can do DNA sequencing on the patient’s HIV strain to uncover resistance-associated alterations. This information enables for a quick switch to other drugs, ensuring that the infection remains under control.

We are still in the early stages of understanding the meaning of these genetic changes and their involvement in illness development. While the ability to analyze DNA sequences for disease detection has greatly improved, a better understanding of these changes is required. We have a wealth of information, but the problem now is to successfully interpret it and translate it into actionable insights. This ongoing study focused on unraveling the complexities of diseases, holds tremendous promise for establishing more precise diagnostics and personalized treatment strategies.

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Some of the FDA Approved Molecular Diagnostic (COVID-19) Tests by April 2023:

  • 34 Pooling
  • 69 Asymptomatic single-use screening
  • 8 Serial screening
  • 28 Multi-analyte (i.e., SARS-CoV-2 + Influenza)
  • 25 Point-of-care
    • 78 Home collection
    • 16 Direct-to-consumer
    • 6 Multi-analyte
    • 15 Saliva home collection
  • 21 Standalone home collection kits
  • 3 Standalone saliva collection devices
  • 1 Prescription at-home test
  • 5 Over-the-counter (OTC) at-home tests

Early Disease Diagnosis with Molecular Diagnostics

Molecular diagnostics have emerged as a sensitive and largely accurate method for early detection of infectious diseases. The COVID-19 pandemic accelerated the adoption of such methods as the need for early disease detection was very crucial. Monitoring the efficacy of treatment modalities, early diagnosis, and predictive medicine are some of the potential applications of molecular diagnostics to improve patient outcomes. Molecular diagnostics comes with an advantage that its solution can detect biomarkers at very low concentrations which ultimately leads to enable early disease detection or diagnosis. These tests are affordable and can be done at the point of care. The tests’ detection methods include DNA sequencing, microarrays, fluorescent probes, and Fluorescence In-Situ Hybridization.

Infants born to HIV-positive moms have a significant challenge in early diagnosis. Maternal antibodies that cross the placenta can interfere with antibody-based HIV tests for up to 18 months, delaying a definite diagnosis. This delay is especially concerning because such infants have a high death and morbidity rate within the first two years.

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Fortunately, qualitative nucleic acid testing has become the predominant method for identifying HIV infection in young infants. These assays directly identify viral components such as HIV pro-viral DNA or RNA, avoiding the problem of maternal antibodies. For instance, one such test is the COBAS AmpliPrep/COBAS TaqMan HIV-1 Qualitative Test. This test requires only 70 µl of whole blood or a dry blood spot and accurately detects specific sections (gag and LTR) of the HIV-1 genome. Rising demand for the use of such tests is adding to the growth of the molecular diagnostics market.

Successful treatment and improved patient survival rate are significantly possible with molecular diagnostics which in turn fosters the molecular diagnostics market growth. Diagnostic biomarkers enable the identification of diseases as earliest possible which further enables and eases the onset of reliable treatment for the diagnosed disease.

Globally in 2020, a WHO-recommended rapid molecular test was utilized as the initial diagnostic test for 1.9 million (33%) of the 5.8 million people newly diagnosed with tuberculosis, up from 28% in 2019. There was significant diversity across countries. Of the 5.8 million people newly diagnosed with tuberculosis worldwide in 2020, 73% had a recorded HIV test result, up from 70% in 2019. Regionally, the largest percentages were attained in the WHO African and European regions.

The growing need for early identification of cancer and infectious disorders drives the demand for more efficient molecular diagnostic techniques.

This stimulates research and development efforts for innovative tests capable of detecting diseases earlier and more accurately.

The market is seeing an increase in the usage of these new tests in a variety of healthcare settings, from specialized cancer centers to ordinary clinical practices.

Recent Advances in Molecular Diagnostics Fueling Market Growth

Molecular diagnostics has transformed healthcare by allowing for very accurate and sensitive diagnosis of diseases at the molecular level. Recent advances are moving this sector forward, resulting in significant growth in the molecular diagnostics market. Here’s a breakdown of major advancements and their influence.

Next-generation sequencing enables parallel analysis of entire genomes or focused gene panels, allowing for more thorough genetic profiling for illness diagnosis, personalized medicine, and drug resistance testing. In addition, digital PCR outperforms classical PCR in terms of sensitivity and precision, allowing for the discovery of uncommon mutations and minimal residual illness. Miniaturizing diagnostic assays using microfluidic chips allows for portable, point-of-care (POC) examinations in decentralized settings, resulting in faster and more accessible diagnostics. Furthermore, CRISPR has enormous potential for disease identification, antimicrobial resistance (AMR) studies, and gene editing for therapeutic purposes.

Impact on Market Growth:

  • Molecular diagnostics’ applications are expanding to include infectious diseases, genetic disorders, oncology, pharmacogenomics, and personalized medicine. This diversification contributes to market growth.
  • Improved Accuracy and Speed lead to earlier and more accurate diagnoses, resulting in better patient outcomes and increased use of these technologies.
  • Rapid POC tests speed up decision-making in critical care circumstances and increase patient management efficiency. 
  • Molecular diagnostics enables personalized medicine by providing insights into an individual’s genetic makeup and drug responses, resulting in tailored medicines and improved treatment outcomes.
  • POC testing and developments such as microfluidics make diagnostics more accessible in resource-constrained environments, contributing to global market expansion.


  • Molecular technologies such as PCR and LAMP testing have been useful in the fight against COVID-19, demonstrating the power of quick diagnostics in pandemic response.
  • Non-invasive prenatal testing (NIPT) uses NGS-based analysis of fetal DNA in maternal blood to detect chromosomal abnormalities, providing a safer and more accurate alternative to standard amniocentesis.
  • These are just a few examples of how new developments are moving the molecular diagnostics market ahead. As technology advances, we should expect even more inventive solutions to transform disease diagnostics, personalized therapy, and overall healthcare delivery.

Rise in the Demand for Cancer and Infectious Disease Detection Augments Molecular Diagnostics

Both cancer and infectious diseases are major threats to world health. The World Health Organisation (WHO) estimates that cancer is the world’s second biggest cause of death, while infectious illnesses continue to be a major source of morbidity and mortality, particularly in poor countries.

Population aging, lifestyle changes, and the advent of novel infections all contribute to the increasing prevalence of these diseases.

Early Detection is Key:

  • Early diagnosis of cancer and infectious disorders is critical to improving patient outcomes and lowering mortality rates. Molecular diagnostics provides significant instruments for early detection.
  • These tests can detect specific genetic changes or diseases at the molecular level, frequently before symptoms develop. This enables earlier intervention and treatment, considerably improving the likelihood of successful treatment.

Molecular Diagnostics Advantages:

  • Molecular diagnostics can detect trace amounts of cancer cells or infections, allowing for more accurate diagnosis and avoiding unneeded biopsies or treatment delays.
  • These tests can analyze many targets at once, providing detailed information on the disease and potential resistance profiles (in infectious diseases).
  • Some molecular diagnostics use blood or other readily available samples, which reduces the need for invasive treatments.


  • Liquid biopsies are less invasive blood tests that can identify circulating tumour DNA (ctDNA), which aids in early cancer detection and surveillance.
  • Rapid diagnostic tests for infectious diseases can swiftly identify specific pathogens that cause infections, allowing for focused antibiotic treatment and limiting the spread of resistance.

Thus, the growing demand for early identification of cancer and infectious disorders is driving the molecular diagnostics market forward. As the demand for accurate and rapid diagnosis develops, we should expect more developments in molecular testing technology to transform healthcare approaches to these difficult health situations.

Global M&A Deals in Molecular Diagnostics

Date Acquirer Target Country Deal Value Revenue of the Target Company (USD Mn)
Jul-23 SD Biosensor Meridian Bioscience USA USD 1.53 Bn 333
Mar-23 Werfen Immucor USA USD 2 Bn 380
Oct-22 Thermo Fisher The Binding Site Group UK USD 2.6 Bn 220
Jul-22 Ginkgo Biowor Zymergen USA USD 300 Mn 15
Mar-21 Roche GenMark USA USD 1.8 Bn 198
Mar-21 Hologic Diagenode USA USD 159 Mn 30

North America Dominates, Asia Pacific to Emerge in Molecular Diagnostics Market

The global molecular diagnostics market has a dynamic geographical landscape, with varied growth patterns across regions. North America currently dominates the market due to the over-burden of healthcare-associated infections and overuse of antibiotics across the region. The strong existence of some of the prominent market players is another reason for the region’s dominance. In addition, robust research and development, and well-established healthcare infrastructure in countries such as the U.S. and Canada are other major factors driving the North America molecular diagnostics market.  In 2021, donor government spending for HIV through bilateral and international channels reached US$7.5 billion. In 2021, the United States remained the top donor to HIV activities, contributing US$5.5 billion and 73% of overall donor government spending. The United Kingdom was the second largest donor (at 5%), followed by Germany (at 3%), the European Commission (at 3%), and France.

Donor Government Funding for HIV, 2020-2021 (USD Million)

Government 2020 2021
United States 6,211 5,505
United Kingdom 612 385
Germany 246 246
European Commission 8 232
France 216 230
Netherlands 194 197
Canada 85 168
Sweden 94 106
Japan 258 99
Other DAC 68 76
Norway 41 56
Other Non- DAC 19 52
Australia 22 51
Denmark 41 42
Italy 33 31
Ireland 24 26
Total 8,172 7,502

On the other hand, Asia Pacific is projected to be the fastest-growing region in the molecular diagnostics market due to rising concerns over antimicrobial resistance (AMR) and increasing hospital-acquired infections. Government initiatives promoting antimicrobial resistance surveillance and rising healthcare expenditure are other factors contributing to the Asia Pacific molecular diagnostics market growth. Furthermore, the growing adoption of rapid diagnostic tests for faster and more accessible diagnostics, and expanding laboratories augment the market growth in Asia Pacific.

Browse More Insights of Towards Healthcare:

  • The global smart healthcare market size to grow from USD 201.83 billion in 2022 to reach an around USD 1,097.27 billion by 2032, at a staggering 18.5% CAGR between 2023 and 2032.
  • The global digital health market is was estimated at USD 262.63 billion in 2022 to reach around USD 939.54 billion by 2032, expanding at a 13.1% of CAGR between 2023 and 2032.
  • The global health and wellness market is to grow from USD 5.24 trillion in 2022 to hit an estimated USD 8.94 trillion by 2032, at an expanding 5.46% CAGR between 2023 and 2032.
  • The global hospital services market was valued at USD 9.29 trillion in 2022, projected to reach USD 21.27 trillion by 2032, growing at a CAGR of 9.15% from 2023 to 2032.
  • The global central lab market surpassed USD 3.1 billion in 2022 and is expected to reach USD 5.4 billion by 2032, expanding at a 5.71% CAGR from 2023 to 2032.
  • The global biosimilar market size to grow from USD 25,125.36 million in 2022 to hit around USD 1,26,019.67 million by 2032, at a staggering CAGR of 17.6% between 2023 and 2032.
  • The global acne treatment market was estimated at USD 9,6615.6 million in 2022 to reach around USD 15,183.2 million by 2032, growing at 4.8% of CAGR from 2023 to 2032.
  • The global newborn imaging system market size was projected at USD 277.64 million in 2022 to soar around USD 441.42 million by 2032, growing at a CAGR of 4.6% between 2023 and 2032.
  • The global biotechnology market size to grow from USD 1,224.31 billion in 2022 to reach USD 3,995.22 billion by 2032, expanding at a CAGR of 12.5% between 2023 and 2032.
  • The global brain computer interface market size was valued at USD 2,130 million in 2022 and is estimated USD 9,445.1 million by 2032, growing at a healthy 16.7% of CAGR from 2023 to 2032.

Molecular Diagnostics Market Players

  • BD
  • bioMérieux SA
  • Bio-Rad Laboratories, Inc.
  • Abbott
  • Agilent Technologies, Inc.
  • Danaher
  • Hologic Inc. (Gen Probe)
  • Illumina, Inc.
  • Grifols, S.A.
  • F. Hoffmann-La Roche, Ltd.
  • Siemens Healthineers AG
  • Sysmex Corporation

Molecular Diagnostics Market Segments

(**We also provide cross-sectional analysis in market segments)

By Product Type

  • Instruments and Systems
  • Reagents and Kits
  • Software
  • Other Products

By Technology

  • Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) 
    • Multiplex PCR
    • Others
  • In Situ Hybridization (ISH)
  • Isothermal Nucleic Acid Amplification Technology (INAAT)
  • Chips and Microarrays
  • Mass Spectrometry
  • Sequencing
  • Transcription Mediated Amplification (TMA)
  • Other Technologies

By Application

  • Oncology 
    • Breast Cancer
    • Prostate Cancer
    • Colorectal Cancer
    • Cervical Cancer
    • Kidney Cancer
    • Liver Cancer
    • Blood Cancer
    • Lung Cancer
    • Other Cancers
  • Pharmacogenomics 
    • Infectious Diseases
    • Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus Aureus (MRSA)
    • Clostridium Difficile
    • Vancomycin-resistant Enterococci (VRE)
    • Carbapenem-resistant Bacteria
    • Flu
    • Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV)
    • Candida
    • Tuberculosis and Drug-resistant TBA
    • Meningitis
    • Gastrointestinal Panel Testing
    • Chlamydia
    • Gonorrhea
    • HIV
    • Hepatitis C
    • Hepatitis B
    • Other Infectious Diseases
  • Genetic Testing 
    • Newborn Screening
    • Predictive and Presymptomatic Testing
    • Other Genetic Testing
  • Neurological Disease
  • Cardiovascular Disease
  • Microbiology
  • Others

By Test Location

  • Point of Care
  • Self-test or OTC
  • Central Laboratories

By Geography

  • North America
  • Europe
  • Asia Pacific
  • Middle East and Africa
  • South America

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About Us

Towards Healthcare is a leading global provider of technological solutions, clinical research services, and advanced analytics to the healthcare sector, committed to forming creative connections that result in actionable insights and creative innovations. We are a global strategy consulting firm that assists business leaders in gaining a competitive edge and accelerating growth. We are a provider of technological solutions, clinical research services, and advanced analytics to the healthcare sector, committed to forming creative connections that result in actionable insights and creative innovations.

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