A natural disaster occurs as a result of any natural hazard. Over time, the world has seen some major natural disasters, and the damage has been extensive. Many major disasters have shattered many cities and countries around the world. This list examines ten of the most terrifying and deadly natural disasters in history.
The 1918 flu pandemic was a particularly lethal influenza pandemic. The flu struck the world in the years 1918 to 1919, killing between 35 and 75 million people worldwide. It infected 3–5% of the global population, making it one of the deadliest natural disasters in human history.
Between 1981 and 1984, the continent of Africa suffered as a result of a drought that affected twenty nations. As a result, over 20,000 people died of starvation. As a result of the drought, rivers and lakes have dried up.
On November 12, 1970, a tropical cyclone named Bangladesh hit east Pakistan and India’s West Bengal. The death toll from this disaster ranged from 500,000 to a million. It is also one of the deadliest tropical cyclones ever recorded, as well as one of the deadliest disasters in history.
It is the deadliest earthquake on record, killing nearly 830,000 people. It took place on January 23, 1556, in Shaanxi, China. Because of the earthquake, more than 97 countries were affected.
In the year 1839, a 40-foot tidal wave caused by a massive cyclone destroyed the harbour city of Coringa. The death toll from the cyclone was 300,000 or higher.
Kaifeng is a city in Henan province, located on the Yellow River’s southern bank. The army flooded the city in 1642 to prevent a peasant named Rebel Li Zicheng from taking over. As a result, nearly 600,000 people were killed.
The Tangshan earthquake was one of the largest ever recorded in the world. It took place in Tangshan, Hebei, China, which has a population of around one million people. It killed approximately 242,000 people.
The Banqiao dam was built to withstand a major flood. However, in 1975, a heavy rainfall occurred, setting a record for the most rain in 24 years. The sluice gates could not withstand the water pressure, and 64 dams failed as a result. When the dam burst, a large wave erupted, causing extensive damage. It covered a 55-kilometer radius and resulted in 231000 deaths worldwide.
Tsunami occurred in the Indian Ocean in 2004, another major disaster in the world. It was an undersea earthquake that killed a large number of people and communities all over the world. The magnitude was around 9.0, and 230,000 people died.
Aleppo is located in the northern part of the Dead Sea, separating the African Plate from the Arabian Plate. The earthquakes occurred in a series between October 1138 and June 1139. Harim was the hardest hit neighbourhood. Around 230,000 people died as a result of the earthquake.